The men should lead in prayer (1 Timothy 2:8) and carry out the offices of the church.
The reasons for these prohibitions are:-
Note two things about these reasons:-
What about judges that God used in the Old Testament, such as Deborah? Don't they prove that it's okay for women to be preachers, pastors/elders, and so on?
In the New Testament, the Bible has specific instructions about men and women's roles, as I've indicated above. In the face of this, to use OT examples of what went on during a time of spiritual bankruptcy in Israel to figure out how church (an exclusively New Testament entity) is to be done today is the height of misapplying scripture. We have to take things in their proper context, rightly dividing (distinguishing) the word of truth (2 Tim 2:15).
What about Junia the female apostle (Romans 16:7)?
The word "apostle" means "sent one" or "messenger". This title was used for Paul and the eleven disciples of Christ in a special sense, and also for others such as Barnabas (Acts 14:14). What's the difference between the "special sense" and the "general sense"? The signs of an apostle in the special sense that Paul and the eleven disciples were apostles included seeing Jesus Christ physically (1 Cor 9:1) and working signs and wonders (2 Corinthians 12:12). There is no scriptural evidence that these things happened with Junia, and so we have to conclude that like Barnabas, Junia was an apostle in the general sense, a messenger. Like the other apostles who were messengers of the good news, she may also have been one. The Bible does not forbid a woman from being a missionary.
When God created men and women, he gave them equal authority (Genesis 1:28). Why the difference in the local church then?
In Gen 1:28, God gives man and woman the same authority over the earth. He does not give woman authority over man (the issue in the local church). I repeat: the question of men and women's ministry is not about who is superior or inferior, but about what roles God wants different people carrying out. It is strange that whereas Paul, inspired by the Holy Spirit, quotes Genesis to say that women should not lead in the church, others quote Genesis in an attempt to show that they can!!
In heaven, there will be no sexuality (Matthew 22:30). If we are heavenly minded (as we should be, Col 3:1), we should not focus on a person's gender but only on his/her spirituality.
In heaven, no one works to earn their living. Does that mean we should quit our jobs if we're heavenly minded?! See the fallacy in misapplying things in one context to another! When God has given us instructions specifically for the church on earth, it is foolish to look to heaven to figure out how church is to be conducted. Yes, we should be heavenly minded. So sex/romance should not be the main thing in our life even if we're married. Nor should career, or any other earth-specific thing. This does not mean we deny our sexuality that God has created, and fail to obey the distinctions He has specified in His word. When I say that a woman should not be teaching in church, it does not mean that I'm looking at her as a sex object. It means that I'm acknowledging scriptural guidelines. These guidelines exist irrespective of my attitude towards women (good or bad!).
Paul was just telling uneducated Corinthian women to behave themselves. He did not mean that all women should be silent in the church.
Note the following:-
Isn't there a reference to women praying and prophesying in 1 Corinthians 11:5?
Scripture does not contradict itself. On the one hand, we are told about women praying. On the other hand, we're told women should be silent! How do we reconcile these two? By noting two things:-
Even unbelievers know that it's possible to pray silently. The Bible does not forbid women speaking/praying audibly in a meeting in which only women are present, or a family prayer meeting (which is not church!). Besides if a church were having a meeting in which individuals were pouring out their personal needs to God in prayer, there is nothing wrong in a woman praying audibly in such a meeting.
What about many existing women preachers who seem to have an anointed and fruitful ministry?
The test to determine if something is right or wrong is to find what scripture says about it, not to see how successful those who practice it are. What looks great to us may not be pleasing to God. According to Matthew 7:22-23 and 1 Corinthians 3:13-15 there will be lots of unpleasant surprises when Christ judges people.
What about woman missionaries?
I can't think of any place where the Bible forbids women from preaching the gospel to men. The women mentioned in Php 4:3 may have supplemented Paul's sermons to non-Christians. However, Paul's directives in 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 and 1 Timothy 2:10-11 are about women in church, not a "missionary and heathen" setting. It would be most dishonoring to God to confuse directives about how Christians should evangelize non-Christians and how Christians should worship corporately/instruct each other.
Many who are against women preachers read books written by women. What about that?
That depends on the kind of book:-