Ritual building at Tel Motza:-
On 26th December 2012, the Israeli newspaper Arutz Sheva reported the find of a ritual building (with an entrance planned to let the first rays of the rising sun right in) and a cache of sacred vessels and figurines date back approximately 2,750 years. The location of such a large sacred site just five miles suggests that the Temple in Jerusalem (which was to be the only center of public worship - Leviticus 17:3-4, Deuteronomy 12:14) was being neglected as the nation was given over to idolatry. This is consistent with the Biblical narrative in Kings and Chronicles, which says that the kingdom of Judah worshiped idols before the religious reforms of the kings Hezekiah and Josiah. [The report was titled: "RARE FIND OF TEMPLE ERA ARTIFACTS NEAR JERUSALEM"]
Among the finds unearthed at the ruins of Capernaum is a house (image
); considerable evidence exists that this house belonged to Peter, one of the disciples of Jesus Christ. The Bible says that Peter lived in Capernaum (Matthew 8:5-14). Details
According to Isaiah 20:1, the Assyrian Emperor Sargon II (ruled 722-705 BC) sent his commander who conquered Ashdod. This is corroborated by Assyrian sources and the Israel Antiquities Authority found evidence of Assyrian presence at Ashdod
. Archaeology also reveals that Ashdod was an important port on the trade route to Egypt. This explains why it was targeted by the Assyrian imperialists.
Caiaphas the high priest:-
In November, 1990, a tomb was discovered in Jerusalem that contains an ossuary with the name of Caiaphas carved into it. The burial cave is located in the Peace Forest, south of the Gehenna Valley, near the Government House where the United Nations was located. The high priest before whom Jesus appeared just before his death was named Caiaphas.
Inscription at Jerusalem:-
Working near the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, Hebrew University of Jerusalem archaeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar has unearthed the earliest alphabetical written text ever uncovered in the city. It is from the 10th century, in the proto-Canaanite script. The paper, "An Inscribed Pithos From the Ophel," appears in the Israel Exploration Journal 63/1 (2013). This is consistent with the Biblical picture of Jerusalem being under Canaanite (Jebusite) occupation till about the 10th century, when it was conquered by Israeli King David (2 Samuel 5:1 onwards).
The Nazareth Inscription:
Since Governor Pontius Pilate condemned Jesus under Roman law, he would have had to report Jesus' execution (and empty tomb) to Caesar. The Bible records that (Matthew 28:11) the "stolen body" theory
became the "official" version of the resurrection. The Nazareth Inscription is a decree by Emperor Claudius Caesar (ruled AD 41 to 54) or Tiberius Caesar (ruled AD 14 to 38) warning of capital punishment for those who steal bodies from tombs. This edict, is thus consistent with (and expected from) the Biblical record. It seems to be Caesar's reaction to Pilate's report.
Professor Ehud Netzer of Hebrew University, fulfilling a career-long goal of solving this national-historic mystery, has uncovered the grave of King Herod at the Herodium (Herodion), east of Efrat in Gush Etzion, fifteen kilometres south of Jerusalem. Professor Netzer announced his discovery at a Tuesday morning press conference at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He explained that a combination of the location, type of work at the tomb, the decorations, and pieces of the coffin led to the definite conclusion that this was the burial site of Herod (the Great). The coffin was found broken into pieces, and the professor explained that it was likely broken some 70 years after the unpopular king's death. [May 17th, 2007, Tzemach News Service]. The Bible mentions King Herod (Matthew 2:1).
In the 1930s, the French archaeologist Pere Vincent dug up the "Pavement" (Gabbatha), the location of Jesus' trial before Pilate, mentioned in John 19:13. It served as a station for Roman barracks. It was destroyed in the Roman invasion of AD 70.
Ostraca (pottery shards):
More than 100 ostraca written in Paleo-Hebrew script have been found in Arad in southern Israel. Among the personal names are those of the priestly families Pashur and Meremoth, both mentioned in the Bible. (Jeremiah 20:1; Ezra 8:33) Some of the letters were addressed to the commander of the citadel of Arad, Eliashiv ben Ashiyahu, and deal with the distribution of bread (flour), wine and oil to the soldiers serving in the fortresses of the Negev. Also, in one of the letters, the 'house of YHWH' is mentioned. Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported: "One of the potsherds from Arad, probably sent to one of Eliashiv's superior officers, is a panicked note from the king in Jerusalem with an order 'incumbent upon your very life' to send reinforcements to nearby Ramat Negeb to counter a threat from the neighboring Edomites. This is consistent with the Jewish-Edomite rivalry that the Bible presents (2 Kings 8:20, 2 Kings 14:7, etc.)
Gold of Ophir:
The Bible frequently mentions the ancient Israelis importing gold from Ophir (1 Kings 10:11, 22:48, etc.). The use of the gold of Ophir in Palestine is attested to in the inscription ("Gold of Ophir for Beth-Horon") which was found on an earthen vessel discovered in the excavations at Tell Qasile, near modern Tel Aviv.
An inscription on the Stele of Khu-Sebek who was a noble in the court of Senuswret III reads “his majesty reached a foreign country of which the name was skmm [Shechem]. Then skmm fell, together with the wretched Retunu [an Egyptian name for the inhabitants of Syro-Palestine].” An Egyptian execration text (a clay tablet on which curses are inscribed and then ceremonially broken) dating from the mid nineteenth century refers to one Ibish-hadad of Shechem, indicating that Shechem was an important centre of resistance against Egyptian rule (Toombs, 1992: 1179). This is consistent with the Biblical picture of Shechem as a prominent city in ancient times.
Synagogues at Capernaum and Nazareth:
The New Testament says that Jesus frequented Capernaum and Nazareth (Matthew 4:13, Mark 2:1), and he would go to the synagogues there on the Sabbath Day and teach (Mark 1:21, John 6:59). The ruins of ancient synagogues have been found in these cities. In the image, we see the wall of the Capernaum synagogue. The white limestone wall dates to the 4th century A.D. It rests on the remains of an earlier black basalt structure that is 2000 plus years old. That would have been Jesus' synagogue. Basalt is not locally available and would have been imported. This is consistent with the Biblical picture of Capernaum as a rich, exalted city (Matthew 11:23, Mark 6:21-22).
The Ras Shamra tablets mention the grossly immoral religious practices of the Canaanites and thus provide corroboration for Leviticus 18:24-27.
John McRay reports: While I was excavating at Caesarea on the coast of Israel in 1972, we uncovered a large mosaic inscription of the Greek text of Romans 13:3. A shorter one had been found in 1960 by an Israeli archaeologist, Abraham Negev. The two texts, dating to at least the fifth century, are part of a mosaic floor of a large public building (perhaps a praetorium or archives building) and are identical to that passage in the Greek New Testament. These are as old as some of our oldest manuscripts of the New Testament.
Mounds corresponding to various Biblical cities have been found
at the respective sites in Israel.