Truth That Matters

"What will it profit a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul?" - Jesus Christ

Archaeological news and finds from Israel


The Gihon Wall



Temple Warning Notice

King David

"House of David" Stele:
Abraham Biran, excavating in 1993 up in the north of Israel at Tel Dan, discovered a broken fragment of basalt stone was uncovered in secondary use in a wall. It was part of a large monumental inscription, measuring about 32 cm. high and 22 cm. at its greatest width. Apparently the stone had been purposely broken in antiquity. The partially reconstructed text includes the following:
"And the king of I[s]rael entered previously in my father's land. [And] Hadad made me king….[I killed Jeho]ram son of [Ahab] king of Israel, and [I] killed [Ahaz]iahu son of [Jehoram] of the House of David."
Based on pottery fragments, the stele is dated to the end of the 9th century or the beginning of the 8th century. The stele was erected by a Syrian king in the 8th century BC. It is presently housed in the Israel Museum, Jerusalem. Based on historical records obtained from excavations, the mound was identified as the remains of the ancient Biblical city of Laish/Dan. According to the Bible, this was a Canaanite city before the Israelis conquered it in about 1200 BC and built a cultic centre there (see Judges 17). Later on, the Bible tells us that Northern Israel was subject to repeated Syrian attacks (1 Kings 15:20, 2 Kings 6:24, etc). Thus, the excavations at Tel Dan confirm not only David's existence but also the general narrative in Joshua and Judges. Further details
David's Spare Palace:
A Times of Israel report entitled Archaeologists say they’ve found one of King David’s palaces furnishes the following information: Southwest of Jerusalem, near Beit Shemesh is an archaeological site called Khirbet Qeiyafa. It is probably the same as the Biblical Shaaraim (1 Samuel 17:52), because Shaaraim means two gates, and the walls of Khirbet Qeiyafa have two gates, and also because it is close to the Valley Of Elah, the scene of 1 Samuel 17.

Israeli archaeologists discovered a large palace and a royal storeroom at Khirbet Qeiyafa. The storeroom contained organic material that was carbon-14 dated to about 1000 BC. It also contained hundreds of store jars with handles stamped with an official seal. The palace was constructed on the highest spot in the area, providing a view up to the Mediterranean Sea in the west and Jerusalem in the east.

This discovery substantiates the following:-
  1. The Biblical statement that there was a city called Shaaraim near the valley of Elah.
  2. The Biblical claim that around 1000 BC, Israel was a centrally administered, powerful kingdom (under king David).

The Uzziah Tablet

Professor E.L. Sukenik of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem discovered it in 1931. He came across the artifact in a Russian convent collection from the Mount of Olives. The inscription on the tablet is written in ancient Hebrew with an Aramaic style. The inscription states, "Hither were brought the bones of Uzziah, king of Judah. Not to be opened."

This is consistent with the Biblical record that mentions Uzziah as one of the kings of Judah (2 Kings 15:32).

The Aramaic style of the inscription is dated to around AD 30-70, around 700 years after Uzziah died according to the Bible. It may be that there was a later reburial of Uzziah here during the Second Temple Period.


Jucal's seal:
Extract from a report at Israel Today, Monday, September 12, 2005
Israel Today reports that archaeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar and her crew discovered a plaque with a seal dating to 580 BC with a name on it: "Jucal (also spelled Jehucal), the son of Shelemiah". According to Jeremiah 38:1-3 from the Bible, Jucal the son of Shelemiah was an officer of Zedekiah, the last king of Judah who ruled around that time. This seal dates from before the destruction of the First Temple. These finds, which align with the same time periods in Jeremiah, prove the historical authenticity to the Bible. They also give archaeologists hope for more discoveries in the palace of the kings of Israel.

The Garden Tomb just outside Jerusalem is the possible site of Jesus' death and resurrection. The following are the features that match the Biblical description:-

The Garden Tomb is a site of an ancient garden. This matches with John 19:41
The tomb is close to a hill resembling a skull. This matches with Mark 15:22 and John 19:41. This hill is now called Gordon's calvary.
The site is outside the ancient city walls (Hebrews 13:12)
The sepulchre has three compartments to receive one body each, of which only the first is fully constructed. This is consistent with John 19:41
Bethlehem seal:
Israeli archaeologists said they found a 2,700 year old bulla (clay seal) near Jerusalem bearing the name Bethlehem. It was probably used to seal a tax shipment being made from Bethlehem to Jerusalem. This proves that Bethlehem was a city several centuries before the time of Christ, just as the Bible claims (1 Samuel 16:1) [Jeffrey, Heller, "Bethlehem existed centuries pre-Jesus, archaeologists say," Reuters, May 23, 2012]
The Megiddo Seal:
It was discovered in 1904 by an archaeological team led by Gottlieb Schumacher. The discovery was determined to be a seal belonging to a royal minister in the 8th century BC. It is engraved with the figure of a roaring lion (symbol of the kingdom of Judah) with a beautiful curved tail with beautiful workmanship. The Hebrew inscription on it reads "Shema" on top, and "Servant of Jeroboam" on the bottom. This is consistent with the Biblical record that there were two kings of Israel named Jeroboam.
Hezekiah's Seal:
The Ophel excavations at the foot of the southern wall of the Temple Mount, conducted by the Hebrew University of Jerusalem’s Institute of Archaeology under the direction of Dr. Eilat Mazar, have unearthed an impression of the royal seal of King Hezekiah (727–698 BC) bearing his name. The finding was made public in November 2015. The bulla, discovered by Efrat Greenwald, a member of the Ophel expedition, was found in a refuse dump dated to the time of King Hezekiah or shortly after, and the royal building that stood next to it and appears to have been used to store foodstuffs. This seal thus supports the Biblical narrative, which says that there was a king called Hezekiah ruling in Jerusalem.

The pool of Bethesda and Warren's Shaft

The Apostle John came in for a lot of ridicule and skepticism from atheists because the pool of Bethesda that he describes in John 5 was unknown to scholars. But it was discovered by archaeologist Schick in the 19th century near St Anne's church in Jerusalem. The identification was possible because the archaeologists were able to match the features of the pool they found with John's description. The details are given in James H. Charlesworth, Jesus and archaeology, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2006. p 566. The pool is also mentioned in one of the Dead Sea Scrolls.  The image shows the remains. 
Warren's Shaft was an underground system that enabled the inhabitants of Jerusalem to draw water from the Gihon springs without leaving their fortified city. It was constructed towards the end of the second millenium BC. This is consistent with the Bible's claim that David conquered Jerusalem in about 1000 BC by entering it through its water tunnel (2 Samuel 5:8).

The Siloam Inscription

It is a passage of inscribed text originally found in the Hezekiah tunnel (which feeds water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam in East Jerusalem). Discovered in 1838, the inscription records the construction of the tunnel in the 8th century BC. It is among the oldest extant records of its kind written in Hebrew using the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet. See image.

The Bible records that King Hezekiah (whom Albright dates to 715-687 BC), fearful that the Assyrians would lay siege to the city, blocked the spring's water outside the city and diverted it through a channel into the Pool of Siloam.

The passage reads:

"... the tunnel ... and this is the story of the tunnel while ... the axes were against each other and while three cubits were left to cut? ... the voice of a man ... called to his counterpart, (for) there was ZADA in the rock, on the right ... and on the day of the tunnel (being finished) the stonecutters struck each man towards his counterpart, ax against ax and flowed water from the source to the pool for 1200 cubits. and 100? cubits was the height over the head of the stonecutters ... "
Thus the Siloam Inscription is an attestation to the historicity of the Biblical account of Hezekiah's resistance against the invading Assyrians (2 Chronicles 34) and also the account of Jesus sending the blind man to wash there (John 9:7). 

The Priestly Blessing

Right below the Church of Scotland in Jerusalem, in a Jewish tomb from the seventh century B.C., was a silver cylinder with the words inscribed in it: "May YHWH bless you and keep you. May YHWH make his face shine to you and give you peace." It is the words of the Priestly Blessing in the Hebrew Bible (Numbers 6:24-26). [This was reported by Richard Elliot Friedman in the Huffington Post].

Joshua's Altar

Professor Adam Zertal, an archaeologist from Tel Aviv University, was the man who discovered and excavated the area and determined that it is the remnants of Joshua's Altar. "We discovered this place, all covered with stones, in April 1980. At that time I never dreamed that we were dealing with the altar, because I was taught in Tel Aviv University - the center of anti-Biblical tendencies, where I learned that Biblical theories are untrue, and that Biblical accounts were written later, and the like. I didn't even know of the story of the Joshua's altar. But we surveyed every meter of the site, and in the course of nine years of excavation, we discovered a very old structure with no parallels to anything we had seen before. It was 9 by 7 meters, and 4 meters high, with two stone ramps, and a kind of veranda, known as the sovev, around," said Professor Zertal. A very critical piece of evidence cited by Zertal in support of his identification of the structure as Joshua's Altar appears to be the animal bones found there:

"There were more than 1,000 burnt animal bones - exactly of the type that were used for sacrifices. It was clear that this was not the remnants of some village, but rather a cultic site. But the critical turning point [in our excavation] came when a religious member of our team showed us the Mishna describing the altar of the 2nd Temple period - 1,200 years later than our discovery. The description was very similar to what we had found - meaning that the Mishna was clearly and definitely a continuation and prototype of the one on Mount Ebal. They both have ramps, just as the Torah stipulates, for the High Priest to ascend to the altar without going up steps, and the sizes matched, and more... The architecture itself was the evidence." [Tzemach News Service, January 1, 2007]

This altar is mentioned in Deuteronomy 27:4-8 and Joshua 8:30. Further details

The Garden Tomb

The Garden Tomb just outside Jerusalem is the likely site of Jesus' death and resurrection. The following are the features that match the Biblical description:-
  1. It is the site of an ancient garden. This matches with John 19:41
  2. The tomb is close to a hill resembling a skull. This matches with Mark 15:22 and John 19:41. This hill is now called Gordon's Calvary. 
  3. The site is outside the ancient city walls (Hebrews 13:12)
  4. The sepulchre has three compartments to receive one body each, of which only the first is fully constructed. This is consistent with John 19:41
  5. It is carved out of the solid bedrock of a cliff. This is consistent with Matthew 27:60
  6. Since the tomb is in a private garden, it was likely the tomb of a rich person. This is consistent with Matthew 27:57
  7. There is standing room for several persons in the tomb. This agrees with Luke 24:1-4
  8. The tomb has a groove for a rolling stone that can cover the opening. Near the opening are nails to hold the stone in place. However, the nails are sheared away. This is consistent with Matthew 28:2 and Matthew 27:60.
Rolling stones on tombs:-
A tomb from the time of Jesus was built for the burial of Queen Helena of Adiabene north of the Damascus Gate and has the stone still in place. Another, better preserved rolling stone, still stands beside the entrance to the tomb of the family of Herod the Great, south of the King David Hotel. More than 60 rolling stone tombs have been found and studied in Israel and Jordan in recent years. This is consistent with the Bible's claim that Jesus' tomb was sealed with a rolling stone (Matthew 28:2).


The city of Lachish (the mound is shown in the image) was destroyed by the Assyrian army during Sennacherib's campaign against the Kingdom of Judah in 701 BC. The destruction was total; the buildings were burned to the ground and the inhabitants exiled. The Assyrian campaign, during the reign of King Hezekiah, and the encampment of the Assyrian army at Lachish are described in detail in the Bible. (2 Kings 18:14-17; 2 Chronicles 32:9) The conquest of Lachish is depicted in monumental stone reliefs found at Sennacherib's palace at Ninveh, providing a rare contemporary "photograph" of the battle and conquest. These relief-images of the Assyrian attack have been confirmed by archeological evidence at the site: the attack on Lachish was launched from the southwest; the attackers built a siege ramp against the slope of the mound, which according to calculation contained some 15,000 tons of stones and earth! The ramp was covered with plaster to allow the Assyrian battering ram to be moved up to the city wall and breach it. The city's defenders constructed a counter-ramp inside the city, thus raising the city wall, which forced the Assyrians to raise the height of their ramp in order to overcome the city's new defenses. The fierceness of the battle is attested to by the remains of weapons, scales of armor, hundreds of slingstones and arrowheads.
The Lachish Letters
Discovered in 1935, The Lachish Letters are messages on pottery shards sent by the garrison commander of a small fortress to his commanding officer in Lachish. They indicate the following:-
  1. Lachish and Azekah were nearby fortified cities of the kingdom of Judah during the invasion of Nebuchadnezzar, among the last to fall (apparently, Lachish was rebuilt after its destruction at the hands of Sennacherib); compare with Jeremiah 34:7. In one of the letters the commander reports that he is looking for fire signals from Lachish because there are no more fire signals from Azekah.
  2. The people of Judah sent for help to Egypt. Compare with Ezekiel 17:15. The same Lachish letter also includes a communication from "the prophet" saying "beware". At that time, "the prophet" was Jeremiah, and he warned 
  3. Individuals such as Tobiah, Shallum, Jaddua, Hoshayahu (Hoshaiah), etc. existed at that time in Judah. Compare with Jeremiah 42:7, etc. 
Thus the Lachish Letters show that the state of affairs described in Kings, Chronicles and Jeremiah is historical.


The Bible mentions Shiloh as the religious headquarters of Israel during the time of the judges (1400-1100 BC, Judges 18:31, 1 Samuel 1:3). Later, we read that it had been destroyed (Jeremiah 7:12) without explicitly being told when. However we know that about 1100 BC, there was a battle in which the Philistines routed Israel at nearby Ebenezer (1 Samuel 4:1-10). What does archaeology say?
"The Danish excavation showed that Shiloh was at the height of its prosperity in the period of the judges, as indicated in the Bible, and that it was destroyed by a fire in the time of Eli and Samuel" - Joseph Free, Archaeology and Bible History, p 149. 
A report in Israel National News (Arutz Sheva), SHILO FIND MAY SHOW IT WAS SACKED BY PHILISTINES, Jan. 07 '13 tells us that "The latest archeological find at the Shilo site – a broken vase and remains of ashes from a fire – indicate large scale destruction. The remains are from the same period in which the War of Even Ha'ezer [Ebenezer] against the Philistines was waged."
Thus, archaeology fits in with the Bible. In fact it helps us to confirm what the Biblical narrative suggests without saying so explicitly: after routing the Israelite army at Ebenezer, the Philistines sacked Shiloh.

Ahab's Ivories

The Bible says that Ahab had a Phoenician wife (1 Kings 16:31) and built an ivory house (1 Kings 22:39). There were also a lot of rich people in Israel at the time, oppressing the poor and enjoying luxury that included ivory (Amos 3:15, 6:4). Since ivory was not natively available  in Israel, these are not trivial details. Therefore, the discovery of Phoenician ivories at Samaria (Ahab's capital) provides corroboration of these Biblical details. These ivories are now in the British Museum.

Pontius Pilate inscription

The New Testament mentions Pontius Pilate as governor of Judea when Jesus was crucified. However, there was no record of Pontius Pilate in secular Roman history. Then in 1961, the Pilate Stone was discovered in Caesarea, clearly mentioning Pontius Pilate as governor of Judea. Later research showed that Pilate had fallen into the bad books of Tiberius Caesar. Because of this, Caesar wiped out all trace of Pilate; this is why secular historians were unable to trace him for so long. The image is that of the replica kept at the site of discovery. The original is in the Israel Museum. This discovery illustrates an important point. It is the standard policy of skeptics to deride the Bible based on an archaeological "argument from absence". The Bible mentions such-and-such a thing; we have not found it, therefore it does not exist and the Bible is false. This inscription is one of the many examples were such arguments from absence have been silenced. With these examples were the Bible has been proved right, it is logical to believe the Bible for those cases where the objects/people mentioned by the Bible have been yet to be dug up by the archaeologist's spade.

Tel Burna

Tel Burna is an archaeological site near Qiryat Gat, Israel. Based on its location, it is probably Libnah, a city mentioned several times in the Bible. Extensive excavations took place in June 2009. The following are the findings:-
  • Tel Burna was a late bronze age Canaanite city.
  • The mound includes a large religious site, probably a shrine to Baal, dated 3300 years ago.
  • In the late iron age, the settlement was fortified.
  • The settlement was not inhabited after the iron age.

This is consistent with the Biblical picture:-

  • Libnah was originally a Canaanite city (Joshua 10:29-30)
  • After the Israelis conquered it in about 1500 BC, they lived there (Joshua 21:13).
  • Baal was a Canaanite god and the Israelis frequently left the true God in favour of Baal (Judges 2:13). The Israelis did not wipe out the Canaanites completely, but lived alongside them (Judges 1:28)
  • Sennacherib, emperor of Assyria, besieged Libnah in about 713 BC (2 Kings 19:8)
  • The New Testament gives no indication that Libnah was populated.

As you can see, the findings from Tel Burna are consistent with the Bible.

The great earthquake

Amos 1:1 mentions a major earthquake during the reigns of Uzziah king of Judah and Jeroboam II king of Israel. Based on Bible chronology, this would be between 768 and 753 BC. Geologists write:-

Masonry walls best display the earthquake, especially walls with broken ashlars, walls with displaced rows of stones, walls still standing but leaning or bowed, and walls collapsed with large sections still lying course-on-course. Debris at six sites (Hazor, Deir 'Alla, Gezer, Lachish, Tell Judeideh, and 'En Haseva) is tightly confined stratigraphically to the middle of the eighth century B.C., with dating errors of ~30 years.…The earthquake was at least magnitude 7.8, but likely was 8.2…This severe geologic disaster has been linked historically to a speech delivered at the city of Bethel by a shepherd-farmer named Amos of Tekoa." [Steven A. Austin, Gordon W. Franz, and Eric G. Frost, "Amos's Earthquake: An Extraordinary Middle East Seismic Event of 750 B.C." International Geology Review 42 (2000) 657-671.]

Israelis Yadin and Finkelstein date the earthquake to around 760 BC. [Y. Yadin, Hazor, The Rediscovery of a Great Citadel of the Bible (New York: Random House, 1975). I. Finkelstein, "Hazor and the North in the Iron Age: A Low Chronology Perspective," Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 314 (1999) 55-70.]

Here again, the Bible tallies with what the archaeologist's spade throws up.

Minor finds

Ritual building at Tel Motza:-
On 26th December 2012, the Israeli newspaper Arutz Sheva reported the find of a ritual building (with an entrance planned to let the first rays of the rising sun right in) and a cache of sacred vessels and figurines date back approximately  2,750 years. The location of such a large sacred site just five miles suggests that the Temple in Jerusalem (which was to be the only center of public worship - Leviticus 17:3-4, Deuteronomy 12:14) was being neglected as the nation was given over to idolatry. This is consistent with the Biblical narrative in Kings and Chronicles, which says that the kingdom of Judah worshiped idols before the religious reforms of the kings Hezekiah and Josiah. [The report was titled: "RARE FIND OF TEMPLE ERA ARTIFACTS NEAR JERUSALEM"]
Peter's House
Among the finds unearthed at the ruins of Capernaum is a house (image); considerable evidence exists that this house belonged to Peter, one of the disciples of Jesus Christ. The Bible says that Peter lived in Capernaum (Matthew 8:5-14). Details 
According to Isaiah 20:1, the Assyrian Emperor Sargon II (ruled 722-705 BC) sent his commander who conquered Ashdod. This is corroborated by Assyrian sources and the Israel Antiquities Authority found evidence of Assyrian presence at Ashdod. Archaeology also reveals that Ashdod was an important port on the trade route to Egypt. This explains why it was targeted by the Assyrian imperialists.
Caiaphas the high priest:-
In November, 1990, a tomb was discovered in Jerusalem that contains an ossuary with the name of Caiaphas carved into it. The burial cave is located in the Peace Forest, south of the Gehenna Valley, near the Government House where the United Nations was located. The high priest before whom Jesus appeared just before his death was named Caiaphas.
Inscription at Jerusalem:-
Working near the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, Hebrew University of Jerusalem archaeologist Dr. Eilat Mazar has unearthed the earliest alphabetical written text ever uncovered in the city. It is from the 10th century, in the proto-Canaanite script. The paper, "An Inscribed Pithos From the Ophel," appears in the Israel Exploration Journal 63/1 (2013). This is consistent with the Biblical picture of Jerusalem being under Canaanite (Jebusite) occupation till about the 10th century, when it was conquered by Israeli King David (2 Samuel 5:1 onwards).
The Nazareth Inscription:
Since Governor Pontius Pilate condemned Jesus under Roman law, he would have had to report Jesus' execution (and empty tomb) to Caesar. The Bible records that (Matthew 28:11) the "stolen body" theory became the "official" version of the resurrection.  The Nazareth Inscription is a decree by Emperor Claudius Caesar (ruled AD 41 to 54) or Tiberius Caesar (ruled AD 14 to 38) warning of capital punishment for those who steal bodies from tombs. This edict, is thus consistent with (and expected from) the Biblical record. It seems to be Caesar's reaction to Pilate's report.
Herod's coffin: 
Professor Ehud Netzer of Hebrew University, fulfilling a career-long goal of solving this national-historic mystery, has uncovered the grave of King Herod at the Herodium (Herodion), east of Efrat in Gush Etzion, fifteen kilometres south of Jerusalem. Professor Netzer announced his discovery at a Tuesday morning press conference at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He explained that a combination of the location, type of work at the tomb, the decorations, and pieces of the coffin led to the definite conclusion that this was the burial site of Herod (the Great). The coffin was found broken into pieces, and the professor explained that it was likely broken some 70 years after the unpopular king's death. [May 17th, 2007, Tzemach News Service]. The Bible mentions King Herod (Matthew 2:1).
The Pavement:-
In the 1930s, the French archaeologist Pere Vincent dug up the "Pavement" (Gabbatha), the location of Jesus' trial before Pilate, mentioned in John 19:13. It served as a station for Roman barracks. It was destroyed in the Roman invasion of AD 70.
Ostraca (pottery shards):
More than 100 ostraca written in Paleo-Hebrew script have been found in Arad in southern Israel. Among the personal names are those of the priestly families Pashur and Meremoth, both mentioned in the Bible. (Jeremiah 20:1; Ezra 8:33) Some of the letters were addressed to the commander of the citadel of Arad, Eliashiv ben Ashiyahu, and deal with the distribution of bread (flour), wine and oil to the soldiers serving in the fortresses of the Negev. Also, in one of the letters, the 'house of YHWH' is mentioned. Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported: "One of the potsherds from Arad, probably sent to one of Eliashiv's superior officers, is a panicked note from the king in Jerusalem with an order 'incumbent upon your very life' to send reinforcements to nearby Ramat Negeb to counter a threat from the neighboring Edomites. This is consistent with the Jewish-Edomite rivalry that the Bible presents (2 Kings 8:20, 2 Kings 14:7, etc.)
Gold of Ophir:
The Bible frequently mentions the ancient Israelis importing gold from Ophir (1 Kings 10:11, 22:48, etc.). The use of the gold of Ophir in Palestine is attested to in the inscription ("Gold of Ophir for Beth-Horon") which was found on an earthen vessel discovered in the excavations at Tell Qasile, near modern Tel Aviv. 
An inscription on the Stele of Khu-Sebek who was a noble in the court of Senuswret III reads “his majesty reached a foreign country of which the name was skmm [Shechem]. Then skmm fell, together with the wretched Retunu [an Egyptian name for the inhabitants of Syro-Palestine].”  An Egyptian execration text (a clay tablet on which curses are inscribed and then ceremonially broken) dating from the mid nineteenth century refers to one Ibish-hadad of Shechem, indicating that Shechem was an important centre of resistance against Egyptian rule (Toombs, 1992: 1179). This is consistent with the Biblical picture of Shechem as a prominent city in ancient times.
Synagogues at Capernaum and Nazareth:
The New Testament says that Jesus frequented Capernaum and Nazareth (Matthew 4:13, Mark 2:1), and he would go to the synagogues there on the Sabbath Day and teach (Mark 1:21, John 6:59). The ruins of ancient synagogues have been found in these cities. In the image, we see the wall of the Capernaum synagogue. The white limestone wall dates to the 4th century A.D. It rests on the remains of an earlier black basalt structure that is 2000 plus years old. That would have been Jesus' synagogue. Basalt is not locally available and would have been imported. This is consistent with the Biblical picture of Capernaum as a rich, exalted city (Matthew 11:23, Mark 6:21-22). 
The Ras Shamra tablets mention the grossly immoral religious practices of the Canaanites and thus provide corroboration for Leviticus 18:24-27. 
Caesarea inscription:-
John McRay reports: While I was excavating at Caesarea on the coast of Israel in 1972, we uncovered a large mosaic inscription of the Greek text of Romans 13:3. A shorter one had been found in 1960 by an Israeli archaeologist, Abraham Negev. The two texts, dating to at least the fifth century, are part of a mosaic floor of a large public building (perhaps a praetorium or archives building) and are identical to that passage in the Greek New Testament. These are as old as some of our oldest manuscripts of the New Testament.
Mounds corresponding to various Biblical cities have been found at the respective sites in Israel.


As you can see, the land of Israel is rich in corroboration for the Bible. These and other archaeological finds are evidence that the Bible is authentic - true in its history and geography. Therefore, it is logical to believe what it says about theology, because unlike other books, its theology is intertwined with its history and geography.