From the New Testament we learn the following about the leadership of a local church:-
The epistle to the Ephesians deals with the universal church. Thus it is here (Ephesians 4:11) that we learn of the offices that apply for the church as a whole, that is, across various local churches.
Apostles and prophets: The word "apostles" (literally: sent ones) refers to the disciples of Jesus Christ and Paul. The ministry of apostles and prophets was across different churches, and it included the delivery of new revelation (see for example Ephesians 3:3). The apostolic office is temporary.We can be sure because of the following reasons:-
In the New Testament, the word "apostle" is also used in a more general sense - messengers. In this sense, Barnabas (Acts 14:14), Andronicus, and Junia (Romans 16:7) are also called apostles.
Evangelists are those who have a special calling to preach the evangel (gospel or good news of salvation in Jesus Christ) to others. Their field is the whole world and this office will last as long as the church lasts on earth. The existence of evangelists does not negate the fact that all Christians are called to be witnesses for Jesus Christ. Paul, Barnabas, Silas, etc are examples of evangelists. Missionaries are not succeeded in the way the Old Testament kings were. The missionary office is a gift of the Holy Spirit (Ephesians 4:8-11). Therefore, it is given when a person gets saved. As time passes, old missionaries die, and God calls new ones from among those who are getting saved.
Pastors/Teachers: [Note the absence of the word "some" between pastors and teachers in Ephesians 4:11.] The Greek word poimen that has been translated as "pastor" in the King James Bible means a shepherd or one who protects, nourishes and guides. Thus some people are called to be Bible teachers or shepherds with ministries not confined to a single local church. This office will last as long as the church lasts on earth. The word "pastor" is never used as a title in the Bible. Apollos may have been a pastor-teacher (1 Corinthians 3:6) as were Paul and Barnabas (Acts 11:26). Note that this office does not imply a church hierarchy. Pastor-teachers simply teach in more than one church. New pastor/teachers arise in the same way as new missionaries.
In connection with church offices and their related terms, we have two unfortunate situations.
Let's look at some of these terms.
Pope, patriarchate, apostolate, arch-bishop, parish, diocese, clergy, laity, synod, board, church headquarters, reverend (as a title): These terms or even the underlying concepts, are completely foreign to the Bible. The term archipoimen (archbishop, or chief shepherd) occurs once in the Bible (1 Peter 5:4), but it refers to the Lord Jesus Christ! The term "reverend" occurs once in the King James Old Testament to refer to God's name (Psalm 111:9)!
Pastor: It is used today to refer to a single leader of a local church (often an outsourced paid employee). We also have assistant or associate pastors today. But as we observed above, the leadership of a local church is plural, homegrown and single-tier. We also observed that "pastor" is used in Ephesians 4:11 to refer to a Bible teacher or guide whose ministry is not confined to a single church.
Minister: This term is used today to refer to a clergyman, but in the Bible, "minister" is the English translation of diakonos whose dictionary meaning is a servant or someone who serves (like a waiter who serves food).
Bishop: In modern terminology, a bishop is part of a hierarchical structure, above the rank of parish-priest. He wears a long, holy-looking robe. No such concept exists in scripture. The Biblical bishop is one of the leaders in a single local church.